The three mountains of photovoltaic poverty allevi

2022-07-23
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The three mountains of photovoltaic Poverty Alleviation: capital, quality and income distribution from 2015 to 2016, the first batch of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects with a total scale of 5.16 million KW were approved. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation continued to rise, and its coverage and influence gradually expanded

at present, China has explored four types of photovoltaic poverty alleviation, namely household photovoltaic projects, village level photovoltaic power stations, photovoltaic agricultural greenhouses and centralized photovoltaic power stations. In 2016, on the basis of summing up the pilot experience, relevant national departments identified village level photovoltaic power stations as the main way to promote photovoltaic poverty alleviation. At the just held national photovoltaic poverty alleviation on-site observation meeting, Zhu Ming, director of the new energy department of the national energy administration, disclosed that this year, the indicators of village level photovoltaic power stations in the next three years will be issued at one time. The village level photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station is expected to set off a round of construction climax this year and next

unlike other projects in the top ten targeted poverty alleviation projects, the photovoltaic power generation industry is a capital intensive industry with a long investment return cycle. At present, it also relies heavily on the support of relevant subsidy policies, and is highly professional and technical. When photovoltaic meets poverty alleviation, the existing problems in the industry are bound to become more complex

how can photovoltaic poverty alleviation attract social capital

as we all know, the initial investment cost of photovoltaic power generation is high, and the source of funds is a major problem that puzzles the healthy development of photovoltaic poverty alleviation. How many funding sources are there for photovoltaic poverty alleviation

it can be seen from the list of the first batch of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects in China jointly issued by the national energy administration and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council on october17,2016 that at present, the proportion of capital and loans for centralized power stations is mostly 1:4, and the capital is mainly funded by the government + enterprises. The proportion of capital contribution varies from province to province and even from different regions in the province, and a few regions are fully funded by the government or enterprises. The source of funds for village level power stations (including household systems) is generally described as "financing by local government organizations"

Taking Hubei as an example, there are currently 10 photovoltaic poverty alleviation modes, including the "three counties and one district" photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station mode donated by the State Grid Corporation of China in Changyang, Zigui, Badong and Shennongjia forest areas, "Jingzhou mode of five party cooperation of" government investment + loans from financial institutions + social funds + Department assistance funds + self raised funds of poor villages and poor households ", Xiaochang mode of" joint construction of 100 villages "and" sharing of thousands of households ", etc

Zeng Chao, executive vice president of Hubei Jingri Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd., introduced the photovoltaic poverty alleviation story of Jingri solar energy to this journal. Jingyangneng has successively cooperated with Xiangyang municipal government in three photovoltaic poverty alleviation models, and the first batch of photovoltaic power stations were fully funded by the company; The government of the second batch of power stations shall contribute 50% of the funds advanced by the company, which shall be paid off by the government within 3 to 6 months after the acceptance of the photovoltaic power stations; At present, the third batch of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station cooperation mode is under negotiation. Jingyangneng hopes to obtain government guaranteed loans to reduce the capital risk of enterprises

jingyangneng has officially signed photovoltaic poverty alleviation related contracts with 48 poor villages in Xiangyang City, about 14% of which can be fully self-sufficient; 2. The innovation guidance capacity is still insufficient. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations have been built in 32 villages, totaling 1940KW, of which 26 have been funded by enterprises

"we have invested 13.7598 million yuan and recovered 8.86 million yuan. The longest debt has been nearly one and a half years." Zeng Chao frankly said, "for our private enterprises, photovoltaic poverty alleviation is a good thing in itself, but because the advance time is too long, the capital cost of enterprises is high."

the difficulty of loan is also a common problem reflected by photovoltaic poverty alleviation enterprises about caring for experimental power. After the first batch of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects were issued, financial institutions such as CDB and Agricultural Development Bank of China were required to connect with the project as soon as possible at the national and provincial government levels, and provide financing guarantee according to the project construction needs and relevant loan conditions. According to people familiar with the matter, the head office of the Agricultural Development Bank has also issued a photovoltaic poverty alleviation loan scheme. However, in practice, there are many difficulties in the loan of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects

Jingri Guangneng has applied for photovoltaic poverty alleviation loans from local financial institutions such as CDB, Agricultural Development Bank of China, and rural commercial bank, or the loan amount is small, so it can not be loaned; Either the bank has less contact with photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects and is cautious in approving loans, so it has delayed the approval; There are also strict requirements on the subject of loans. The government or poor households can apply for loans, but enterprises can't. "Therefore, none of the photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects we participated in has made loans." Zeng Chao said that he hoped that the government could, on the premise of establishing some rules, provide fund-raising channels for enterprises to operate in a market-oriented manner, and the effect might be better

on May 25, on the eve of the national photovoltaic poverty alleviation on-site observation meeting, xujianmin, deputy director of the development guidance department of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, told this magazine: "enterprises are doing it in a market-oriented way, and there are difficulties in interest distribution and financing. In the future, the country will mainly promote village level photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations. We suggest that government financial funds and social donation funds should be used as much as possible, and loans should be used as little as possible."

the journal learned that the photovoltaic poverty alleviation government enterprise cooperation mode and flexible income distribution mechanism explored by yuangudui village, Weiyuan County, Gansu Province, with cadres assigned by the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council as the first secretary, have attracted high-level attention

yuangudui village invested 2.4 million yuan last year to build a 300 kW village level photovoltaic power station, which was put into operation in June of that year. By the end of the year, the power generation income of the power station was 212000 yuan, and 110000 yuan had been allocated to the village collective in the year

the photovoltaic poverty alleviation demonstration project in yuangudui village is mainly invested by financial poverty alleviation funds, supplemented by enterprise supporting funds, with a ratio of 2:1. The government is responsible for providing land and coordinating to solve relevant problems. The enterprise is responsible for the design, construction and later operation and maintenance of photovoltaic power stations. The village collective owns the power station. There are different modes of revenue sharing according to the time: from 2017 to 2025, the operating enterprise will ensure that the village collective receives a fixed income of 200000 yuan per year, and the remaining upper income will be owned by the enterprise after paying the operation and maintenance costs of the power station, and the enterprise will be responsible for its own profits and losses; From 2026, the annual power generation income will first pay the operation and maintenance costs, and then the village collective and the enterprise will distribute the profits in a ratio of 2:1

zhaojixiong, Secretary of Changyang County Party committee, said that the village level organizations and poor households in the filed Lika village are very supportive and happy about the mode of wholly-owned construction and donation of village level photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations by the State Grid Corporation of China. He said that the development of photovoltaic poverty alleviation in many counties requires a part of the financial capital and a part of the public loan. After the photovoltaic power station generates income, the principal and interest should be paid first. There will be less funds left at the disposal of the village, and the use efficiency of funds will be discounted. The practice of the State Grid Corporation of China (NEC) not allowing village level organizations to go into debt in the photovoltaic poverty alleviation process and not increasing the burden on the poor reflects the strong sense of society of the central enterprises and helps the key point

he also said that this construction mode is still rare in the country. First of all, the investor needs to have sufficient funds. In his opinion, if photovoltaic poverty alleviation is to develop well, special electricity price subsidy policies should be given to poor areas. "If we really want to help the poor, we should not reduce electricity prices, so as to expand the scope and influence of photovoltaic poverty alleviation."

at present, photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects and commercial power station projects are also affected by the policy of decreasing electricity price subsidies year by year, and are also faced with the problem of whether the subsidy funds can be fully and timely in place

in the interview, some insiders said that the biggest problem of photovoltaic poverty alleviation is that the national photovoltaic poverty alleviation special fund should be allocated to the people. The chain to go through is too long and the procedures are too complicated. It would be much easier if several departments could be designated to take charge of it

how can photovoltaic poverty alleviation achieve sustainability

in addition to the source of funds, how to guarantee the quality of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations and how to distribute the generated income are also universal issues that restrict the healthy development of photovoltaic poverty alleviation

in March 2016, the national energy administration and other five departments jointly issued the opinions on the implementation of photovoltaic power generation poverty alleviation, proposing that photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects should purchase products with advanced technology and certified by the national testing and certification authority, and encourage the purchase of products that meet the technical indicators of the leaders. The so-called "photovoltaic we can provide you with relevant information leader plan" is a special photovoltaic support plan implemented by the National Energy Administration in 2015, which aims to build advanced technology photovoltaic power generation demonstration bases, new technology application demonstration projects, etc

although the national requirements for photovoltaic poverty alleviation access enterprises are equivalent to the leader plan, as the country liberalizes the restrictions on the installed capacity of village level photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, the market is large, and it is easy to mix in some unprofessional enterprises in actual operation, resulting in uneven construction quality of power stations

Zeng Chao said that in late January 2016, Hubei provincial poverty Alleviation Office and Hubei Provincial Energy Bureau held a provincial photovoltaic poverty alleviation on-site promotion meeting in Suizhou city. Seven photovoltaic enterprises in the province, including jingyangneng, were invited to attend the meeting. "At that time, the Poverty Alleviation Office said that if it wanted to help the poor in the province, they would focus on these seven enterprises from the provincial level, but later they did not do so completely." Zeng Chao said that at present, poor villages have a strong desire to develop photovoltaic power stations, and the market has poured in some unprofessional and responsible small companies. These companies have interfered with the normal market order by using low-level PV modules and even using recycled PV panels to reduce costs

the photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects participated by large enterprises, especially state-owned enterprises and central enterprises, have effectively guaranteed the quality of power stations. For example, zhaojixiong has great confidence in the 54 village level photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations built by Changyang national power company. He said that from site selection to construction, the State Grid Corporation of China is taking the project as the guide, taking it as its own responsibility to work for the poor households when the policy of de capacity for the village from the central government to the local government is being introduced one after another. From the company's leaders to professional technicians, they have traveled through every filing village, so as to maximize the role of the power station after its completion

baiwanli, deputy director of Changyang County Poverty Alleviation Office, said that in the past, they did not understand photovoltaic. After following the State Grid Corporation, they would have confidence and benchmarking when organizing photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects

the investment of photovoltaic poverty alleviation funds can be said to be the main manifestation of "blood transfusion" poverty alleviation. Under the current pattern of targeted poverty alleviation, "blood transfusion" alone is not enough. It is also necessary to enhance the "hematopoietic" function of poor villages and poor households. This requires some rules to activate the enthusiasm of the village collective and poor households to get rid of poverty

tanxuewen, director of the poverty and well-being research office of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, who is engaged in research on the effectiveness of targeted poverty alleviation, told the journal that for poor villages or households, photovoltaic power generation is an asset benefit and one of many ways to help the poor. Villages cannot wait for this benefit to expand the collective economy. Instead, they should find ways to develop some real industries to enhance their own development capacity, otherwise it will be a temporary solution rather than a permanent solution

xiehaihong, deputy general manager of Yichang Power Supply Company, is serving as deputy county magistrate of Changyang County. He believes that the most fundamental purpose of poverty alleviation is to drive the villagers in poor villages to change their ideas. Therefore, the management measures for income distribution of State Grid Corporation of China in photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations

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