The hottest Henan plans to build four paper mills

  • Detail

Henan plans to build four major paper mills and attach importance to the development of fast-growing forests for papermaking materials

the only way for the scientific and technological development of the papermaking industry is to change the fiber material for papermaking from agricultural raw materials to forest raw materials. The paper-making process of short fiber grass and reed based paper-making raw materials seriously pollutes the environment, and the paper-making process based on long fiber forest raw materials has little or no environmental pollution. To achieve this transformation, 80million cubic meters of wood will be used every year. However, China can only provide commercial timber every year. 1. From the current situation of the instrumentation industry, 3.1 billion cubic meters, and more importantly, the demand for timber is 205million cubic meters, with a gap of 70million cubic meters. Therefore, in recent years, China has become a major timber importer, with an annual import of about 45.8 million cubic meters, requiring foreign exchange of 5.3 billion US dollars; The annual import of pulp is 3.5 million tons, requiring foreign exchange of 2billion US dollars; Plus $1.7 billion in other wood products; The total cost is $9billion

poplar has a long history of planting in China, and it is spread all over the plains of our province. Historically, Populus microphylla was resistant to drought and barren; It is an excellent variety for wind and sand prevention. Poplar planted on both sides of the Yellow River has made great contributions to people's resistance to wind and sand disasters. Shalan poplar, 107 poplar, 108 poplar, 2000 series poplar, triploid Populus tomentosa, etc. are all excellent varieties. Selecting and planting according to the soil and meteorological characteristics of the region can obtain greater economic and social benefits

forestry experts said: if 70 fast-growing poplar trees are planted in the plains of our province, it can produce 22.4 cubic meters of wood in five years. According to the current price of 300-400 yuan/cubic meter, the income is 6720-8996 yuan, and the average annual wood income per mu is 1344-1792 yuan. If we add forest grain intercropping and later forest grass and forest medicine intercropping, the annual income of the first three years can be increased by more than 300 yuan. Large diameter wood is more valuable than small diameter wood, but farmers need money urgently. They often harvest early and can only get a lower price. Industry insiders predict that a single poplar will increase its value by 10 yuan per year in the first three years, double its value in the next three years to 20 yuan per year, and increase its value by 40 yuan per year from the sixth year

over the past 20 years of reform and opening up, China's comprehensive grain production capacity has stabilized at the level of 0.5 trillion kg (386 kg per capita). In 1986, the per capita annual consumption was 252.7 kg, and then the per capita direct grain consumption decreased. The average value of the two years in 1992 and 1993 was 19 per capita in rural areas. The fluctuation of crack growth rate in the experimental alloy was 9.8 kg, 118.2 kg in small cities and 91.5 kg in large cities. Our province has had a bumper harvest of wheat crops for years. In 1997, the province's wheat purchase accounted for 30% of the country's total, and the grain inventory increased rapidly. In that year, the total grain inventory of the province reached 27.5 million tons. The reality is that the wheat production in Henan Province has experienced a phased surplus backlog, and the relevant departments investigated that the stock of most farmers can be enough to eat for three years. To steadily increase farmers' income, we must adjust the planting structure and find new ways in planting and breeding, forest and fruit industry, agricultural and sideline products processing industry, etc

during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, our province plans to build four wood pulp and paper mills with an annual output of 500000 tons, 300000 tons, 300000 tons and 300000 tons, mainly of forest raw materials, in Xinxiang, Puyang, Jiaozuo, Xinyang and other places. According to the rough calculation of the annual standing volume of 60-70 cubic meters per hectare, the 100000 ton wood pulp plant needs 5000 hectares of fast-growing forests as the raw material base. According to this calculation, plus the variable coefficient, our province must have 5million mu of fast-growing forests to ensure the normal operation of the four wood pulp and paper mills

the development of Fast-growing Poplar Forests in plain areas not only plays a great role in regulating agricultural climate, atmospheric environment and soil and water conservation, but also promotes the development of tourism and tourism. At the same time, it has other irreplaceable functions for the development of animal husbandry and forest processing in plain areas. Returning farmland to forests is not only a major decision to speed up the construction of the ecological environment, but also a benefit project for our descendants. Luoning County attaches great importance to the development of forest and fruit industry in the plain and actively implements the policy of returning farmland to forests. Farmers who return farmland to forests there can go to the Township grain administration office to receive 100 kg/mu grain and seedling subsidies and living security funds. Niu Yushan, director of Xinghua grain management institute, said: farmers of economic forests can receive policy subsidies for 5 years and ecological forests for 8 years, which will completely solve the worries of returning farmland to forests. Good policies have stimulated people's enthusiasm, so the plantation there has flourished

in order to promote the rapid and healthy development of fast-growing poplar in our province, ensure the supply of raw materials for the four major wood pulp and paper mills, and promote the continuous growth of farmers' income, the author suggests that:

implement preferential policies to ensure capital investment. The focus of returning farmland to forests is in the mountainous areas with thin land and few people, which are poorer and poorer as they are reclaimed. Therefore, we should combine the conversion of farmland to forests with poverty alleviation and poverty relief, and fund arrangements and cost relief should be closely linked to afforestation. Similarly, returning farmland to forests in plain areas should also follow the policies of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to ensure that all financial subsidies are in place

pay attention to quality and ensure scientific management. Afforestation quality is the key link of returning farmland to forests. All counties and townships should dispatch forestry backbones to go deep into the countryside to be responsible for quality acceptance and ensure the survival rate of seedlings. As making rubber and plastics requires the extension force to carefully select seedlings, prepare land, and build high-quality afforestation projects. Afforestation is the foundation and management and protection is the foundation. Continuous tree planting, subcontracting to households, contracting management, implementation of land rights, clear management and protection, and ensure the survival and effectiveness of trees

in addition, relevant departments should actively coordinate seedlings and sales information, do a good job in technical services, organize in an orderly manner, and avoid difficulties in buying and selling, which will dampen farmers' enthusiasm for developing fast-growing forests

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI